Public Policy

Charudutta Panigrahi has successfully spearheaded HIV Workplace Policy for the Port sector in India. Under the USAID Operation Lighthouse: National Ports Project, advocacy efforts at the national and state levels (primarily covering all the major Ports of India) were undertaken for mobilizing constituents, including the Lawmakers, the Executives and provided technical support for development of workplace policies and programmes, based on the guidelines of various international Practices on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. This has received overwhelming endorsement from key stakeholders in India and was helpful in incorporating to the organized and unorganized sector of industry which needed to be mobilized for taking care of the health of the productive sections of their workforce.

In 2005, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the NGOs for management of two PHCs in Jajpur and Dhenkanal districts. The entire Policy Initiative was successfully led by Charudutta Panigrahi. Due to the landmark steps of the Government, the Government of Odisha has opened up doors for Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) to take over the operations of non-functional Primary Health Centers (PHCs), subject to standard conditions laid down by the Government of India. The objective of this policy was to operationalize non-functional PHCs in order to meet the goal of universal access to healthcare and has resulted in tremendous improvements in the Primary Health care in Odisha.

Other Drives• Spearheading breakthrough PPP (Public-Private-Partnership) initiatives in over 10 states of India – innovative programs in sustainable agriculture and supply chain (including cold chain).

• Put in considerable work in strengthening agricultural Support services for small farmers in issues like – seasonal producers, – fragmented buyers and suppliers unable to exploit economies of scale and – household economics where functions such as consumption, investment, work and social activities are undifferentiated and unspecialized.

• Targeted interventions with the help of NGOs/CSOs on issues – limited production levels due the small size of holdings, weaknesses in the land tenure system and unequal access to irrigation water. Including difficulties in procurement and application of modern technologies because of the high cost and greater risk involved.

• Worked on agricultural cooperative’s farming guidance & partnerships with the government in Production process by providing efficient subsidized inputs, and marketing through procurement at minimum support prices.

• Established Credit and thrift societies operating at farm level towards an effective mechanism of credit delivery to small farmer with low transaction costs. Encouraging Private service providers by creating an enabling environment and a level playing field.

• Considerable success with respect to access to technology, skill upgradation and marketing with Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs)/Women Livelihood Groups (WLGs) – Rajasthan.

• Direct working with Village level groups, forging them into block and district level unions for wielding greater influence on the agricultural research and extension agendas as well as for bulk marketing.

• Policy drives for effective enforcement of legislation which ensures quality control of inputs such as seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, etc. Resulting in the government’s role as arbitrator of conflicts between various private sector service providers enhanced and systems to address grievances developed.

• Sensitising public agencies to be active – from being solely providers of services to an appropriate mix of provider, coordinator, facilitator, enabler and regulator at the national level.