Social Enterprise

With the help of the Rural Centers, FIDR partners with the local government and the communities to train the youth and place them in gainful employment or linkages to support them in entrepreneurial ventures.Business Linkage Services providing business and job linkages for local communities such as: o Local Enterprise: Alternative Energy In partnership with TERI (The Energy Resources Institute) Even today energy access for basic lighting and cooking needs is fundamental to human development and is absent in many parts of Odisha.Even across districts in Odisha, there is a large gap between demand and supply of appropriate energy services and the price is getting increasingly prohibitive for the poor. Households where we are working, do not have electricity and are primarily dependent on kerosene or wick lamp to meet basic lighting need. A typical kerosene lamp provides between 1and 6 lumens per square meter (lux) of useful light, compared to recommended lighting level of 50-300 lux for regular domestic applications like reading, dining and cooking leading to negative health (eye) effects and safety incidents. Further, a kerosene lamp is the emitter of 100 kg of CO2, a climate change agent, annually. Almost Four out of every five rural households in our Project area in Kendrapara District, primarily depend on direct burning of solid biomass fuel like fuel wood, crop residue and cattle dung in traditional mud stove/ three stone fire for cooking. Such traditional cooking practice is characterized by low thermal efficiency (10%) and emits toxic smoke. Women (and accompanying children) cooking with a mud stove, particularly in poorly ventilated kitchens, have increased risk of pneumonia, respiratory diseases, etc. Approximately half a million premature deaths estimated to occur in India annually due to kitchen smoke. Smoke from incomplete combustion of biomass during cooking also emits climate change agents like carbon monoxide and black carbon. These energy access gaps create huge potential opportunity for the dissemination of off-grid lighting technologies. FIDR in partnership with TERI has established robust market mechanisms for renewable energy based energy efficient technologies for basic lighting and improved cooking applications across villages. This entails the creation of an economically viable value chain offering quality products and prompt after-sales service to cater to the latent market demand. FIDR along with the local civil society organizations, has put in significant efforts towards innovation and customization of lighting and cooking technologies and development of energy enterprises as sales and service points for such technologies are the need of the hour. FIDR implemented Lighting a Billion Lives, a flagship programme of TERI, in Odisha, started in 2008, and providing solar energy based lighting solutions has so far covered over 2800 lives. FIDR, in collaboration with the local entrepreneurs, Youth groups, has created a network of district level distributors and district/block/ village level energy enterprises/ peer leaders, to create an economically viable and sustainable value chain that caters to retail consumers. We are engaged in capacity building and providing necessary financial support to energy entrepreneurs who as “last mile agents” are encouraged to set up shops/ outlets where quality renewable energy/ energy efficient clean energy technologies like the solar lanterns/ charging stations and accessories are available for retail sales. These energy enterprises/champions are also responsible for providing reliable and quick maintenance/ service of disseminated devices/ technologies.From 1 village in 2009, FIDR currently implements the Program in 22 Villages,an expansion at a scale of 22x.

Backend Execution

FIDR is trying to provide employment to the rural population and improve their skills set as this has proved to- Dramatically enhance improve Human Development Index- Stimulate economic activity and improve living conditions in these areas- Prevent migration of rural Odia youth to urban areas and other cities in India- Lead to rural empowerment and self sufficiency- Individual income able to support family needs and higher education for youth- Foster better Infrastructure & yet retain the good life conditions of a village setting

Odisha is now witnessing rapid changes in its population. The growth rates in rural areas have shown a decline. There is a rapid growth of cities and migration to urban areas in search of better livelihood. The status of women has improved but marginally. Due to uneven growth and opportunities , the youth migrate to the cities inside the state and to other states like Gujarat, AP, Maharashtra and others. Through rural BPOs, it is not only possible to minimize migration but to also provide the youth jobs which add value to the knowledge economy and enable them to develop to a much improved orbit in life and status.

Tribal DevelopmentDetailed Assessment of Paudi BhuyanTribes at Jamardihi PBDA AND Nagira Village of Anugul district

-Assessment of the different Govt. programmes being undertaken in the area for the development of economic and living conditions as well as general development of the area.- Amount of Govt. funding done in the past and any budget for future. Official hierarchy and NGOs managing the programmes.- Field visit and assessment of tangible and intangible developments out of Govt. funding as well as sustainable alternatives in place.- Assessment of the Impact of government welfare schemes on the lives of the tribals as well as the industrial development, deforestation, mining and any other change in natural or environmental settings affecting their livelihood, culture, practices and traditional living style.- Gap analysis-Assessment of the developmental gaps – to foster betterment of the living conditions by channelising the Govt. funding in a more efficient manner in order to maximize the sustainable development and social return on investment.- Assessment of the traditional practices and cultural ethos of the tribals.- Deforestation and its dynamics – with the community’s active participation as well as putting a stop to shifting cultivation.Measure to be taken for improvement of health and education. How ICT can be useful in bridging the gap.

Exploring potential for solar lighting and alternative energy-Survey of Community Empowerment-Done on behalf of IDRC/ASC I under the guidance of noted ICT specialist Usha Reddy The study looked at how ICTs have impacted upon community empowerment especially with reference to political participation. The study looked at whether such democratic participation is being facilitated and whether it is taking place once ICTs are in place. If so, why, if not, why not. The methodologies adopted were household questionnaire, and focus group discussions with villagers.-Done in villages within our network NKN centers at Baliguda, Kendrapada and Purusottampur.

Survey & Micro Planning of 11 villages under Kujanga Block as part of our community development programme:

The survey in 2009 covered situational analysis of the 11 villages in respect of health, sanitation, education, occupation, status of women & children, prevalence of common diseases and other issues.- The goal of the project was holistic development of community through Child centric Initiatives.- A total of 2709 households and 12731 residents were individually covered under household survey and FGD.- A comprehensive community development plan addressing all issues and findings was prepared-FIDR has been engaged in implementation of the programme.

Survey and linkage of Forest Produce of the PVTGs (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group)

FIDR is working among the Tribal communities in undivided Koraput district towards formation of model SHGs, forest dweller federations and Network Formations and regularization of SHGs, linkage with the government resource agencies and financial institutions to facilitate the Branding and promotion of Forest Produce which could lead to enterprises among the communities to help in sustainable development of the PVTGs. We have had initial link ups with outlets in Delhi/Gurgaon like Swadeshi to market produces like Niger Oil, Turmeric, Pulses etc.

Mushroom cultivation & Vermi-compost Promotion in the PVTGs

In partnership with NASSCOM Foundation, Microsoft and the local community based organisations FIDR has conducted training, demonstration programmes to effect practice change among the traditional farmers and help them adopt improved technologies in Mushroom cultivation and encourage promotion of Vermi-compost culture. This has resulted in more than 35% of increased earnings per household of traditional farmers.